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> Health - Summer - Tips for Summer Heat

Tips for Summer Heat

  Don't let heat get you down  |  Be Prepared  |  Protect the skin you're in  |  CDC Infographic

Don't let the heat get you down!

The best defense is prevention. Here are some prevention tips: Bottle of water

  • Drink more fluids (nonalcoholic), regardless of your activity level. Don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink. 
    Important: If your doctor generally limits the amount of fluid you drink or has you on water pills, ask her how much you should drink while the weather is hot.  
  • Don’t drink liquids that contain caffeine, alcohol, or large amounts of sugar — these actually cause you to lose more body fluid. Also, avoid very cold drinks, because they can cause stomach cramps.  
  • Stay indoors and, if at all possible, stay in an air-conditioned place. If your home does not have air conditioning, go to the shopping mall or public library–even a few hours spent in air conditioning can help your body stay cooler when you go back into the heat. Call your local health department to see if there are any heat-relief shelters in your area.  
  • Electric fans may provide comfort, but when the temperature is in the high 90s, fans will not prevent heat-related illness. Taking a cool shower or bath, or moving to an air-conditioned place is a much better way to cool off.  
  • Wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.  
  • NEVER leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle.  
  • Although any one at any time can suffer from heat-related illness, some people are at greater risk than others. Check regularly on:
    • Infants and young children
    • People aged 65 or older
    • People who have a mental illness
    • Those who are physically ill, especially with heart disease or high blood pressure  
  • Visit adults at risk at least twice a day and closely watch them for signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Infants and young children, of course, need much more frequent watching.

Infographic about heat safety inside cars
Click image to open legal-size PDF

If you must be out in the heat:

Infographic of Symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke

  • Limit your outdoor activity to morning and evening hours.  
  • Cut down on exercise. If you must exercise, drink two to four glasses of cool, nonalcoholic fluids each hour.  A sports beverage can replace the salt and minerals you lose in sweat. Warning: If you are on a low-salt diet, talk with your doctor before drinking a sports beverage. Remember the warning in the first “tip” (above), too.  
  • Try to rest often in shady areas.  
  • Protect yourself from the sun by wearing a wide-brimmed hat (a hat also keeps you cooler) and sunglasses, and by putting on sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher. The most effective sunscreen products say "broad spectrum" or "UVA/UVB protection" on their labels.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

man with electric fan 

Click for More About How to
Prepare and Respond to Extreme Heat

Protect all the skin you’re in!

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States, yet most skin cancers can be prevented.

  • Use broad spectrum sunscreen with SPF 15+ to protect any exposed skin
  • Seek shade, especially during midday hours.
  • Wear a hat, sunglasses, and other clothes to protect skin.
  • Sunscreen works best when used with shade or clothes, and it must be re-applied every two hours and after swimming, sweating, and toweling off.

THE SUN’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage your skin in as little as 15 minutes. Follow these recommendations from the CDC to help protect yourself and your family!

CDC Infographic

National Environment Public Health Tracking Network